Whisker Oaks Persian Cattery
Kitten Care
       
Updated 2016


Kitten Care



Feeding 


We recommend:  Science Diet Kitten Dry food
We provide new owners with: One 3.5 bag of Science Diet Kitten Dry Food


We always have food available
for our kittens and cats, its called free feeding.  We find that they eat what they need, and don't overindulge.  We give our kittens a premium cat food, Science Diet Kitten, which gives them all the nourishment they need for growth a
nd a fine coat.  he dry food is placed in either ceramic or steel bowl, but never plastic (as plastic can harbor germs.)   food bowls are changed, every other day, as we never know what the kittens and adults have but in their food bowl.  

When a kitten leaves we provide a 3.5 lb bag of Science Diet Kitten, this should be used as their regular food, or to change the kitten to another Premium food.  When changing food, start with adding some of the new food to the old, then each time increase the percentage of the new food, until you have a dish of just the new food.  Otherwise, diarrhea can occur.  

Kittens should have kitten food up to the age of one, as it has 
ingredients that help their physical and neurological growth.  Then they need to be changed to a premium adult cat food.

Hill's Science has a great article on "Teaching Safe Play Between Cats and Children",  you can find it at the below link:  http://www.hillspet.com/en/us/cat-care/play-exercise/safe-play-between-cats-and-kids

Wet Food

We recommend:  Royal Canin Kitten wet food
We provide new owners with: One can Royal Canin wet food



As a treat we give our kittens Royal Canin food in a can.  We changed to this brand just recently, as they were no longer interested in our old brad of kitten wet food.  
They get a tsp once or twice a day.  

Royal Canin wet is the first food they learn how to eat.  Then they are switched to Science Diet Kitten, that has been soaked in water, to make it easier for them to chew and swallow.  When their teeth are in to the point were they can chew hard food, they are switch to hard food.  I normally find this out when I hear crunching coming from the tent.    By the time they are ready to leave the cattery, they are on hard food as their main dietary source with Royal Kitten wet food at night, as a snack, again only a teaspoon (otherwise diarrhea can occur.)


Treats

Here at the cattery their food treat is there wet canned food.  If you'd like to give your kitten regular treats from the store, start slowly with just one.  Then see how they tolerate it.  Never give them a lot of "treats" at once, as this will cause diarrhea.

Water
Clean water bowls are already available.   It is important for all kittens and cats to be well hydrated.    We use ceramic dishes that are run through the dish washer.  Water bowls are cleaned every day, and sometimes changed more than once, as they love to wash up at their water dish.   I like to go to thrift stores, such as Good Will to look for kitten/cat bowls.  Many beautiful ones can be found at a lower price.

Litter

We recommend:  The Worlds Best Cat Litter
We provide new owners with: One bag of The Worlds Best Cat Litter , a litter box with sides and a scoop.

We found a litter that makes us happy, The Worlds Best Cat Litter!  It's a corn based litter that clumps, and does not have all the dust that end ups all over the house when clay based litters are used.  It comes in Regular, Pine or Lavender.

Clean litter is one of the major services we provide our Persians.  Its important to keep litter boxes clean, so that cats will use the box.  They will not use a dirty litter box that is full. 

Another litter we like is more than just litter, it's a litter system.  Its called the "Breeze System."  It has a litter box, with a tray on the bottom with a wee wee pad.  The tray on the top has holes that allows the urine to flow through ceramic pellets to the bottom tray.  The ceramic pellets help to eliminate odors.  These boxes are very easy to wash, when changing the pads or pellets.  Our cats and kittens love to use the Breeze System.  However, we don't recommend the system for small kittens, as they love to play and eat the pellets.


Grooming
     


We recommend:  Use a one inch wire comb 
We provide new owners with: A one inch wire comb

Grooming is a big part of owning a Persian.  It's something we have to do for them on a regular basis, depending on the type of coat they have.  I place the Persian coat into two categories, the first has a "silky soft" feel and the second feels like"cotton candy" hair.  Both knot, but the "cotton candy" coat over does itself, in the arena of knotting, it doesn't take much for this type of coat to knot. To help prevent knots its very important to determine how often your Persian's coat should be combed. 

I recommend you use a once inch wire comb, as this allows you to get to the undercoat of your Persian, which is were knots start. When you use a brush, it will only comb the top hair, and the undercoat will be free to knot.  The frequency of combing your Persian will depend on its hairs thickness, length and texture.  For the long, thick coat, or those that we call "cotton candy" coats, daily combing is essential in the prevention of knots.  While, some shorter haired Persians, or those with silky feeling coats, only need combing once or twice a week during the warm summer months.  As the Persians coat thickens for the winter, more combing is necessary.  As fall approaches its time to increase grooming.  Even with daily combing knots can appear by the time the Holidays arrive, especially on their stomachs, or their legs/stomach.    

There are many different sizes and colors of wire combs.  On www.amazon.com you can find combs that are smaller, and used on just the face, or larger, for cats with big coats.  

Hair Cuts

Sometimes Persians have cute hair cuts.  Either to look fashionable, or because the Persian's coat is full of knots.  They can also be a summer cut, to give them some relief from the heat.  Either way, it gives both the owner and the cat a break from combing. Combing should never be stopped, even after a cut.  The mane and tail will still need combing, even after a cut.  Once short, combing should be continued, but on a less frequent basis, then increased to the frequency thats best to maintain the coat free from knots.  By continuing to comb your Persian's hair they find it's ok to be combed, in fact they learn to enjoy it more, as the knots have disappeared along with all the pulling on their coat.  This will also help to retrain a Persian into accepting the grooming process.

One such cut we like is the "Lion Cut" see below. 

(Note:  I have tried to find where I found this picture, but have been unable to do so, if you know please let me know.  I think it's adorable and shows a nice Lion Cut.)
Bathing

The coat of a Persian cat has oils, just like our hair does, and it picks up lots of dirt and dust from the environment.  They can also get into many sticky things.  Bathing is an important aspect of care for a Persian.  Once done, you have a beautiful feline that you enjoy cuddling and looking at, as they walk and play.  And, they fully know, how beautiful they are after a bath is done.

Our show cats get a bath weekly, others every 1-2 months.  For new owners, I recommend giving a new kitten a bath once a week for four weeks.  This way, both the new owner and the kitten get used to bathing, while the kitten is small enough to handle.  


For routine baths I use " Mane 'n Tail and Body Shampoo " which I purchase from Walmart in the Dog Section.  The brand also has a creme rinse that can be used ( I like to use a conditioner called "Renpure Solutions Lavender Cleansing Conditioner, Volume/Body," which I get from Walgreens, however I don't use this product on thin coats.)  To help silver coats sparkle, or for stain removal I use "Miracle Coat, Radiant White Brightening Shampoo ," which I have found works the best on a silver Persian's coat.  I purchase this from www.amazon.com, but you may be able to find it in pet stores.  You can also purchase premium grooming products on line from several speciality companies.  One of them I like is Anna's products, as it has a soap just for the face and the other is Jerob, which I buy a lot of the products I use on my show cats.  

Always comb your cat before bathing.  This helps to prevent the formation of knots during the
bath.    Start by filling up the kitchen sink half-full, with luke warm water,  then place the Persian in the water.  Use a container to pour water over the coat.  Once wet, soap can be applied and rubbed in till foaming.  The hair under the ears and around the scruff can get very oily.  Goop is a great product for pulling grease out of the coat, sometime I'll use Dawn, but its real important when rinse these product off the hair to pour/spay so the water goes away from the eyes.  If possible, wash the body twice with the water, and rinse.   Then empty the water and soap and rinse one more time under running water.  With Persians, if you think your done rinsing, rinse again.  The longer you can go without turning the water on in the sink , the better.  Save washing the face until last.  You can use baby shampoo on the face, or one of the many premium cat shampoo's that can be found on the Internet, or pet stores.  If there is staining under the eyes, or another place on the coat, I apply the Miracle Coat shampoo on it first, before shampooing the body, so that it can sit and soak in the coat.  Then I rinse their face last with water trying not to get or soap in their nose or eyes, as this discourages them from wanting to be bathed.  

Yes, Persian coats are dryed with a hair blower after the bath, as it takes a long time for their coat to dry.  Additionally, if you blow dry a Persians coat it is a lot fluffier.  I like to blow dry and comb at the same time.  This lifts the hair off the skin and makes the hair fluffier.  Just make sure hot air doesn't blow on the same area for too long, as their skin can burn.  Once warm, the dryer can be turned down to a lower setting.  The hair does not need to be totally dry on the whole body, it can be left a bit damp, but not much.

I recommend weekly baths at first, for about a month.  This helps both the new owner and the kitten get used to the process, then monthly.  However, if you want a gorgeous coat on your Persian, bath it once a week.  After a month, you'll see how wonderfully elegant they can look.

Eye Care

Persian kittens and adults have big round eyes, so they have a tendency to tear more than other cats. Especially when under stress such as going to a new home, teething, or in hot weather.  Also, as a kitten grows and the structure of their face changes you will find they tear, which will decrease once they are an adult.  Tearing can also depend on the structure of a kittens face.  Some have no tearing.

When tearing is present it is important to carefully clean it off with a moist paper towel.  The frequency of cleaning a Persians eyes is dependent on the amount of tearing present.  If not cleaned, the drainage will collect into clumps, which are harder to get out.  It also turns brown and pulls hair out, if your pulling a clump of brown eye stain off.  If clumps are present, moisten it first with water, then let it sit for a couple of minutes.  Once softened it can be cleaned off with a moist paper towel.  To help brighten up stained hair under the eyes, check out the many cat eye products on the Internet.  

Dental Care 

Cats and kittens love to have their teeth brushed!  Brushing a cats teeth is important as tartar does accumulate.  You can find
cat toothbrushes and toothpaste at pet specialty stores.  If tartar builds up to much on your cats teeth, you should have your vet clean them.  This is done under anesthesia.  Sometimes, if your vet has the skill, they may even do some hair trimming, at your request.

 


Ears

Cats produce ear wax, just like we do.  Clean them before their bath, or weekly, carefully with a q-tip.  Do not push the q-tip further than what you can see.  Persian ear wax comes in all colors.  Generally it depends on the color of their coat.  The darker their coat, the darker their ear was.  By cleaning their ears of wax, you are preventing it from draining onto their coat, where it will look greasy.  

If ear wax can't be easily removed with a q-tips, you can purchase ear cleaning solutions at pet specialty stores, or on-line.  

Toys
We recommend:  Lots of interactive toys 
We provide new owners with: Lazer light, balls and springs.

Other toy recommendations include a stick with feathers and bells on the end, and an orange circular ball chaser, which is three levels high (www.chewy.com.)

Vaccines

We recommend:  Vaccines
We provide kittens with:  Their first two sets of vaccines

Stay in contact with your vet to know when your kitten/cat is due for vaccines. Upon placement, all kittens will have their first two sets of vaccines.  Some vets recommend three doses, so contact your vet to see if you kitten may need a third set of vaccines, according to their recommendations.   Once seen by a vet, most will send you a reminder card when additional vaccines are due.

Preferred Vendors

There are several vendors we highly recommend, who have provided great service to us over the years, they are:

- www.chewy.com   -  We buy all of our litter and food from Chewy.com.  As long as your order is over $49, shipping is free.  You can also create Autoship orders, which give you a slight discount.  

-  www.revival.com - I purchase mainly vaccines, medical supplies, and milk supplements from Revival.  I've also had my vet forward a script  to them for filling, for one of my cats.  Their prices are very reasonable.  

- www.amazon.com  -  I purchase all of my tents on Amazon.com.  When a kitten, or adult needs to be maintained in a small area for their own safety, such as after neutering/spaying,  you can find very reasonability priced "tents" in different colors and sizes here (small, medium and large).  When you order tents make sure you not only pick the color you want, but know the measurements of the tent you are buying.  I generally order small tents, but they come in different sizes depending on the vendor.

- www.jerob.com - Grooming products for show cats.

- www.annas.com - Grooming products for Persians.







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